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Thursday, 5 June 2014

1.1 - A study of the reasons why Somalia is struggling to address the Issue of Female Genital Mutilation

INTRODUCTION

The past thirty years have seen the issue of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) gain prominence within international dialogue, and the fight to end ‘cutting’ is now global. The first recorded opposition of FGM occurred in Kenya in 1906,[1] but international pressure to end FGM was only fully mounted in 1997 when the World Health Organization (WHO), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) issued a joint statement calling on governments to ban the practice. Their campaign drew public attention to the issue of FGM and was followed in the UK by the implementation of the Prohibition Circumcision Act of 1985.