Adherents to Zionism and Millennialism define their aims in purely religious terms, and present their actions as the embodiment of God’s will. However, politics and nationalism are often perceived as playing major roles in Zionist terrorism, due to the desire for a new Jewish State in Eretz Yisrael, which is a key principle in contemporary Jewish extremist dogma. However, the perception that Jewish terrorists are involved in a secular war is fiercely contested by Jewish extremists. Goldstein and Amir for example, perceived secular political processes as interfering with the Messianic course, and their elimination was considered imperative if the Messianic process was to succeed. ‘Western democracy as we know it is incompatible with Zionism... The idea of a democratic Jewish state is nonsense.’ Jewish terrorists instead set their territorial aims against a backdrop of religiosity, and claim that nationalism is an intrinsic element of their religious creed. Eretz Yisrael comprises the essence of Judaism, and there can be no Jewish life without the Homeland. They also employ Biblical passages to demonstrate Jerusalem’s (Zion) status as the symbol of the Holy Land and its messianic significance to the Jewish people. Their return to Zion as promised by God in various Biblical prophecies is used as evidence of the Jewish claim to the land.
This interpretation renders nationalism and religion indistinguishable from each other, for, ‘once material objects, such as land, are imbued with a spiritual dimension, it becomes impossible to compromise.’ Al-Khattor also claimed, ‘for religious people it is difficult to give up the Land, because in every prayer, in grace at the meal, and in the prayer of going to bed, and the wedding party, everywhere they have prayed for the return to Jerusalem. They never gave up the claim of the Land.’ Even the controversial issue of the proliferation of Jewish settlements, which appears decidedly territorial in nature, is also imbued with theological justification: ‘To cultivate the land of Israel was a Mitzvah by itself and it should be carried out. Therefore, settling Israel is an obligation of the religious Jews and helping Zionism is actually following God's will.’
The majority of Jewish terrorist groups are based in Israel and carry out their attacks in and around Israel’s borders, making it distinctly domestic in nature. Judaism is a global religion, so why is Jewish extremism so local in scope? Islam is also a world religion, but terrorist acts perpetrated in the name of Allah have been global and widespread. Does this imply that Jewish radicals focus on territorial issues more than their Islamic counterparts? It does appear that Jewish extremist ideology is far narrower in scope than the broad Christian and Islamic extremist creeds. However, Judaism is a behavioural religion much like Islam, and in Jewish jurisprudence – namely the Halacha and Talmud – numerous references can be found relating to society, commerce, and politics, and particularly the issues of rule of the Holy Lands. Judaism is a complete way of life, and similarly to Islam (and to some extent Christianity), every aspect of life is addressed in the Jewish scriptures, and religion becomes the motivation for any action.
 Stern (2003), p. 31
 Al-Khattor (2003), p. 52